GWO Standards

Advanced Rescue Training Standard

Version 2..1
April 1, 2020

This standard controls the risks associated with rescue operations, ensuring a more efficient rescue operation from a wind turbine. The training elevates rescuer self-reliance and enables successful transport of a colleague who cannot self-evacuate, to an assembly point until professional emergency responders arrive. The modules teach entry-type casualty rescue operations in a turbine using industry standard rescue equipment, rescue methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at heights. The standard consists of two main modules and a single rescuer version of each.

Nacelle, Tower & Basement Rescue

The aim of this module is to enable the course participant to perform injured person rescue operations in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO work at height.

The Nacelle, Tower and Basement Rescue module shall ensure that the course participants are able to:

  • Assess and determine rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment, and required personnel) for various rescue scenarios, from the nacelle, tower or basement of a WTG
  • Assess and determine evacuation strategy during a rescue operation, attending to a clear and preferred evacuation route for the injured person outside or inside the tower
  • Explain and demonstrate the identification and suitable selection of certified and structural anchor points, relevant for various rescue scenarios
  • Explain and apply the concept of lifting angle, angle factor and deviation
  • Explain national and local requirements and/or procedures for helicopter rescue in an WTG, including preparing the injured person, preparing the WTG, the Heli-pad safe zones and safe behaviour included
  • Explain and control common risks of hazardous energies and common hazards of enclosed space areas, when performing rescue operations
  • Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending rescue operations, from a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually and power-driven lowering/raising rescue system (rescue device, pulley system or similar)
  • Fit a harness and other PPE (e.g. helmet, safety glasses) onto an injured person, in an enclosed space
  • Package an injured person on a rescue stretcher and spineboard in a vertical or horizontal configuration to enable safe transportation, by doing regular checks, using rescue equipment such as cervical collar and avoiding head down configuration of the unconscious injured person.
  • Manually transport an injured person on a rescue stretcher or spineboard - in a balanced way
  • Change directly from balancing an injured person from a horizontal position to a vertical configuration (and vice versa) when suspended
  • Perform rescue operations, in the nacelle, tower and basement, using safe and suitable (certified or structural) anchor points, lifting angles, deviation, and edge protection for the rescue equipment
  • Perform rescue operations using the casualties personal fall protection on the injured person - as fall protection backup, when required
  • Perform rescue operations in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement using personal flashlight (e.g. helmet light), if required due to poor lighting conditions
  • Act as the informal rescue team coordinator performing scene assessment and hazard identification, assessing and determining the rescue strategy and exercising clear communication
  • Perform clear and precise communication in a stressful rescue operation, both with members of the rescue team as a team coordinator and as a team member
  • Apply clear communication and guidance to other emergency responders (e.g. vessel crew or ambulance crew) including coordinating the handover of an injured person
  • Transport an injured person horizontally over the length of the turbine, with the use of industry rescue equipment (zip line)
  • Transport an injured person to a higher platform, using rescue up techniques and equipment (both manual and power-driven) in a controlled and secure manner Course Participants will show signs of:
  • Acknowledging the benefits of having a coordinator in a rescue team, and the responsibility that comes with it
  • Taking part in discussing which advanced rescue preparations, and emergency and communication procedures, apply in their own organization 22) Committing themselves to avoid incidents from where they may be exposed to a rescue operation 23) Committing themselves to act out this value by demonstrating a pro-active approach and role model behaviour.

Hub, Spinner & Inside Blade Rescue

The aim of this module is to enable the course participants to perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside the blade by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at Height.

The objectives of the Hub, Spinner & Inside Blade Rescue module shall ensure that the course participants are able to;

  • Assess and determine rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment, and required personnel) for various rescue scenarios, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade
  • Assess and determine evacuation strategy during a rescue operation, attending to a clear and preferred evacuation route for the injured person outside or inside the tower
  • Explain and demonstrate the identification and suitable selection of certified and structural anchor points, relevant for various rescue scenarios, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade
  • Explain and apply the concept of lifting angle, angle factor and deviation
  • Explain and control common risks of hazardous energies and common hazards of enclosed space areas in a WTG, when performing rescue operations
  • Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending rescue operations, from a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually operated lowering/raising rescue system for limited distance rescue (rescue device, pulley system or similar), and other rescue equipment relevant to the Course Participants
  • Fit a harness and other PPE (e.g. helmet, safety glasses) onto an injured person, in an enclosed space in a WTG
  • Package an injured person on a rescue stretcher and spineboard in a vertical or horizontal configuration to enable safe transportation, by doing regular checks, using rescue equipment such as cervical collar and avoiding head down configuration of the unconscious injured person
  • Manually transport an injured person on a rescue stretcher or spineboard - in a balanced way, in a WTG
  • Change directly from balancing an injured person from a horizontal position to a vertical configuration (and vice versa) when suspended
  • Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, using safe and suitable (certified or structural) anchor points, lifting angles, deviation, and edge protection for the rescue equipment GWO ADVANCED RESCUE TRAINING STANDARD V02 GLOBAL WIND ORGANISATION www.globalwindsafety.org 31 / 152
  • Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, using an injured person personal fall protection equipment backup system, when required (i.e. when the manually operated lowering/raising rescue system is not certified for person lifting)
  • Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade using personal flashlight (e.g. helmet light), if required due to poor lighting conditions
  • Perform rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade, as the informal rescue team coordinator performing scene assessment and hazard identification, assessing and determining the rescue strategy and exercising clear communication
  • Perform clear and precise communication in a stressful rescue operation, both with members of the rescue team as a team coordinator and as a team member
  • Apply clear communication and guidance to other emergency responders (e.g. vessel crew or ambulance crew) including coordinating the handover of an injured person Course participants show signs of;
  • Acknowledging the benefits of having a coordinator in a rescue team, and the responsibility that comes with it
  • Taking part in discussing what advanced rescue preparations, and emergency, communication and command procedures, apply in their own organization 19) Committing themselves to avoid incidents from where they may be exposed to a rescue operation 20) Committing themselves to act out this value by demonstrating a pro-active approach and role model behaviour.

Single Rescuer - Hub, Spinner & Inside Blade

The aim of this module is to enable the course participants to perform single rescuer advanced rescue operations, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside the blade by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at height.

Based on the course participants HSIBR Module qualifications, the single rescuer HSIBR Module shall ensure that course participants are able to:

  • Assess and determine single rescuer rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment and how to organize the rescue efforts and incident scene) for various rescue scenarios, in a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade
  • Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending single rescuer rescue operations, from a WTG hub, spinner and inside a blade using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually operated lowering/raising rescue system for limited distance rescue (rescue device, pulley system or similar), and other rescue equipment relevant to the Course Participant.

Single Rescuer - Nacelle, Tower, Basement

The aim of this module is to enable the course participants to perform single rescuer advanced rescue operations, in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement, by using industry standard rescue equipment, methods and techniques, exceeding those of GWO Working at height.

Based on the course participants NTBR Module qualifications, the single rescuer NTBR Module shall ensure that course participants are able to:

  • Assess and determine single rescuer rescue strategy (relevant rescue method, technique, certified equipment and how toorganize the rescue efforts and incident scene) for various rescue scenarios,in a WTG nacelle, tower and basement
  • Apply rescue methods and techniques in performing descending and ascending single rescuer rescue operations, from a WTG nacelle, tower and basement using a rescue stretcher and spineboard, manually operated and power-driven lowering/raising rescue system (rescue device and pulley system or similar), and other rescue equipment relevant to the Course Participant.

For guidance on how to describe, plan and conduct GWO courses, you can also download the GWO Taxonomy

Delegates receive four certificates if they complete the hub, spinner, inside blade rescue + nacelle & tower rescue modules + both single rescuer modules

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