GWO Standards

Basic Safety Training Standard

Version 13.1
October 1, 2019

The Global Wind Organisation Basic Safety Training Standard consists of five modules.

First Aid

The aim of this BST Module is to enable Participants to administer safe and effective First Aid in the wind turbine industry/ WTG environment, in accordance with GWO First Aid training through theoretical and practical training. Furthermore, this training will enable the delegate to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use an automated external defibrillator (AED).

The objectives of the First Aid Module are to ensure that:
  • The Participants are able to demonstrate understanding of the importance of carrying out First Aid in a safe and sound manner, in accordance with the legislative requirements of their geographic location and according to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) hereunder the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines
  • The participants are able to identify and explain normal function, normal signs and symptoms of serious and minor injuries and illness related to the human body.
  • The participants are able to demonstrate understanding and correct order of management in an emergency in a WTG environment.
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of lifesaving First Aid using the Primary Survey "C" A–B–C including the use of an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED)
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of the Secondary Survey  
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of first aid equipment in a first aid scenario

Manual Handling

The aim of this Module is to encourage positive Manual Handling and ergonomic behaviour, encourage participants to consider alternatives to manual handling through planning and to train Participants ability to perform Manual Handling tasks in a safe manner in the wind turbine industry/environment.

The BST Manual Handling Module shall ensure that:

  • The Participants are able to demonstrate a problem-solving approach to Manual Handling in a wind turbine environment  
  • The Participants are able to demonstrate Manual Handling risk reduction techniques
  • The Participants are able to identify aspects of their job tasks that could increase their risk of developing muscular/ skeletal injuries
  • The Participants are able to demonstrate understanding of the importance of carrying out work duties in a safe and sound manner in accordance with the legislative requirements of their geographic work location
  • The Participants are able to demonstrate understanding of safe practises of Manual Handling, including the correct handling of equipment
  • The Participants are able to identify signs and symptoms of injuries related to poor Manual Handling techniques and have knowledge of reporting methods
Please note - a combined Working at Height/Manual Handling module was created following the update to BST version 13.
  • Training providers, employers and participants can now choose between taking the combined course, or individual modules.
  • The combined course will continue to require both WaH and MH records are uploaded into WINDA.

Fire Awareness

The aim of this course is to give the Participants the basic knowledge and skills through theoretical and practical training. Participants should be able to prevent fires, make appropriate judgements when evaluating a fire, manage evacuation of personnel and ensure all are safely accounted for in the event of an unmanageable fire. If the incident is judged to be safe, the Participants should be able to efficiently extinguish an initial fire by using basic hand held fire fighting equipment. The BST Fire Awareness Module shall ensure that:

The BST Fire Awareness Module shall ensure that:

  • The participants are able to demonstrate knowledge of the development and spread of fire.
  • The participants are able to demonstrate knowledge of the causes of fires in wind turbines and the dangers related to this.
  • The participants are able to identify any sign of a fire in a wind turbine environment.
  • The participants are able to demonstrate knowledge of the contingency plans in a wind turbine environment including smoke detection and emergency escape procedures.
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct actions on discovering a fire including correct operation and fire extinguishing by means of the firefighting equipment in a WTG.

Working at Heights

The aim of this module is to qualify the participants, through theoretical and practical training, to use basic personal protective equipment and perform safe work at heights and safe and comprehensive basic rescue from heights in a remote wind turbine environment.

The BST Working at Heights Module shall ensure that:

  • The participants are able to demonstrate knowledge of hazards and risks associated with working at heights, specific to a WTG 
  • The participants are able to demonstrate understanding of current national legislation regarding working at heights. 
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct identification of PPE, including identification of European/Global standard markings e.g. harness, hard hat, lanyards, etc. 
  • The participants are able to demonstrate the knowledge and skills to correctly perform pre-use inspection, service, store and correctly fit relevant PPE, e.g. harness, fallarrest lanyards, guided type fall arrest lanyards and work positioning lanyards.  
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of the relevant PPE, e.g. harnesses lanyards, fall arresters and work positioning equipment. This includes correct identification of anchor points and correct ladder conduct. 
  • The participants are able to demonstrate correct use of evacuation devices. 
  • The participants are able to demonstrate how to approach rescue situations in WTGs and use rescue equipment efficiently.

Please note - a combined Working at Height/Manual Handling module was created following the update to BST version 13.

  • Training providers, employers and participants can now choose between taking the combined course, or individual modules.
  • The combined course will continue to require both WaH and MH records are uploaded into WINDA.

Sea Survival

The aims of this BST Sea Survival course are, by theoretical and practical training to give the participants the basic knowledge and skills to act safely and take the correct preventive actions in all aspects of offshore operations from shore to installation vessel or WTG and vice versa, both during normal operation and in an emergency in an offshore wind energy environment. This BST Sea Survival Module shall ensure that:

This BST Sea Survival Module shall ensure that:

  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed awareness of the site organisation and relevant legislation to ensure that the candidates are aware of the roles, responsibilities and rules that apply to offshore wind farms.  
  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed knowledge to understand the importance of correct clothing and conduct in an offshore wind farm environment. Further to enable skills of detecting and treating stages of cold shock, hypothermia and drowning related to exposures to the human body in an offshore wind environment.
  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed knowledge and skills to recognise the advantages and limitations of personal LSA and PPE and usage in a correct and safe manner. The Participants can demonstrate the needed knowledge related to GMDSS (Global Maritime Distress and Safety Systems) and SAR (Search and Rescue).
  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed skills individually and collective to enhance the chance of survival in an emergency at sea.
  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed knowledge to recognise the hazards and risks of transfer and take the correct preventive measures into account by following procedures and use the available LSA and PPE in a correct and safe manner.
  • The Participants can demonstrate the needed knowledge to ensure safe conduct on installations, vessels and WTG´s during normal operations and in case of emergencies and evacuation. The Participants can demonstrate the needed skills to conduct safe transfer of themselves and equipment between dock and vessel and WTG and vessel. Furthermore, to give the Participants skills to assist in MOB situations.
  • The Participants can reflect on and process their learning outcome and key takeaways from the module, aiming to achieve a high learning transfer from the module to his/her way of work. Additionally, the aim is to give the Participants the opportunity to conduct an open-minded written and oral formative evaluation of the training.

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